ACTIVE VOICE AND PASSIVE VOICE

Hello Friends, today we are going to learn about active and passive voice in our previous post we are go through with the A,AN AND THE ARTICLE

Here ACTIVE and PASSIVE sentences usually have similar meanings, but a different
focus.

  1. Active sentences focus on what the subject does.

Eg: My father drove the new car.

Here my father(subject) and new car(object)


  1. Passive sentences focus on the object.

Eg: The new car was driven by my father.

Read also : 6 SIGNS AND QUALITIES THAT MAKE A GREAT BOYFRIEND

ACTIVE VOICE

A sentence is written in the active voice when.

  • The subject of the sentence performs the action.
  • The person/thing performing the action is named before the verb.

    Example: My Grandfather took me to my first horse show.

    NOTE: I was taken to my first horse show by my grandfather.

    WHEN TO USE ACTIVE VOICE

    • When focus is on an agent,the sentence is used in active mode .

PASSIVE VOICE

Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is Not Important or not known,however,who or what is performing the action.

A passive voice sentence consists of

  • The Subjects
  • The Verb to be in the Correct tense
  • The past Participle of the verb needed
  • Sometime the agents and/or other complements

Example:

  • The Letter
    was written by Rita

    Object + was/were + past participle + Subject

  • The car
    was driven
    of the road by Sally

Passsive voice sentences focus on the objects. Sometimes, We put the word ‘By” before the subjects.

Eg: The new car was driven by my father.

Object Subject

Uses Of passive voice

We use the passive when :

  • We want to emphasize the action more than the subjects performing it, because the action is more important.

Eg: More and more cellphone are sold every day.{Here, the subject performing the action is obvious or unknown}.

TENSE

ACTIVE VOICE

PASSIVE VOICE

Present simpleThey discuss the book.The book is discussed (by them).
Present ContinuousThey are discussing the book now.The book is being discussed(by them)now.
Present perfectThey have already discussed the book.The book has already been discussed
Past simpleThey discussed the book yesterday.The book was discussed yesterday.
Past Continuous They were discussing the book when you came in.The book was being discussed when you came in.

If you like this post Please share and comment on post to get more usefull article like this,any kind of douth regarding passive and active voice wright us on comment.

READ  15 Ways to Earn Money Online from Home Without Investment

Author: Anjali Pandey

Hello!Welcome to My Blog Student Rocks